Please remember that medical information provided by Timothy E. Ekpo, DO, Board Certified Orthopedic Surgeon, Michigan Joint Replacement Institute, in the absence of a visit with a healthcare professional, must be considered as an educational service only.

The information sent through e-mail should not be relied upon as a medical consultation. This mechanism is not designed to replace a physician’s independent judgment about the appropriateness or risks of a procedure for a given patient. We will do our best to provide you with information to help you make your healthcare decisions.

Many external links may be provided on this website as a service and convenience to our patients and other visitors. These external websites are created and maintained by other public and private organizations. We do not control or guarantee this outside information’s accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness.